Russian president Vladimir Putin Monday two controversial laws decreed, that the authorities are allowing internet media to block or fine in case of spreading ‘fake news’ and the other is the ‘violation of the staatssymbolen’ offence.
The official publication of these laws, which at the beginning of march by the state Duma were adopted, despite protests of human rights activists, that there is a risk of censorship and a threat to the freedom of expression in see.
The first law punishes false information that is of public interest and is distributed as real information “that a” threat to the public safety or the state is or huge problems can lead’.
It is up to the Prosecutor to determine what ‘false information’ and to the telecomautoriteit Roskomnadzorom to the removal of messages to require, on penalty of blocking. The law also provides for a fine of up to 1.5 million rubles (20.500 euro).
The second law punishes violations of staatssymbolen’ and allows Roskomnadzor to the content block, which is ‘disrespectful’ towards the authorities.
Internet in Chinese style
The promulgation of these two laws comes on the day that Russia is the fifth anniversary of the attachment of the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, which the international community if the annexation is ordered.
In recent years, the authorities have their pressure on the Russian internet increased, whereby not only content and websites linked to the opposition were blocked, but also services who refused to the government to work together, such as the video platform Dailymotion, the social network Linkedin and the instant messaging service Telegram.
Russian mps studying a bill that provides for the creation of a ‘sovereign internet’ that can function independently in case the country is cut off from the global servers.
Critics of this project say that they are afraid for the internet in Chinese style, under the control of the authorities.